Romanian 20 lei banknote sets world record


BUCHAREST, Romania – The
National Bank of Romania unveiled a new 20 lei ($ 4.56) banknote, which features an image of
Ecaterina Teodoroiu, the first female officer of the Romanian army; the new 20 Lei banknote sets the world record for being the
The world’s first post dedicated to a WWI heroine, according to

“The choice of
Ecaterina Teodoroiu for the 20 RON banknote with circulation power was based on several criteria. First of all, she was the first female officer in the Romanian army. In this way, we honor and pay homage to the Romanian army and we have one more opportunity to remember the Great War for Unification, said the governor of the
National Bank of Romania (BNR),
Mugur Isarescu, the
Agerpres reports.

“The second reason is the fact that she, Ecaterina Teodoroiu, embodies, through her exemplary destiny, the power and the sacrifice that women have shown and continue to show in our society.

“And finally, a third group of reasons, we have responded in this way to the public interest which has found wide support at the level of Romanian society in the promotion and consolidation of gender equality and the major role of female figures in Romanian history and society, “said the governor of the
National Bank of Romania (BNR),

Mugur Isarescu, during the presentation conference of the 20 RON banknote.

Born in 1894, Ecaterina Teodoroiu first served as a nurse in World War I and became a fighter after her four brothers died in combat. She rose through the ranks and won praise for her bravery. She died at the front in 1917 at the age of 23.

Ecaterina Teodoroiu (January 15, 1894 – September 3, 1917) was a Romanian woman who fought on the front lines and died during World War I, and is considered a heroine of Romania.

A member of the Boy Scouts, she had initially worked as a nurse, but then decided to become a frontline soldier, deeply impressed by the patriotism of the wounded and the death of her brother Nicolae, Romanian army sergeant. It was an unusual decision for a woman at that time, so she was sent to the front rather reluctantly. However, with the support of the Romanian royal family, she was able to serve in the military and eventually became a symbol.

Ecaterina Teodoroiu was decorated with the
Medal of Military Virtue
(2nd class) for his courage, as well as the Medal of Military Virtue (1st class) A week later.

She was
appointed honorary second lieutenant (sousblocotenent) by king ferdinand
and gave the command of a platoon of 25 men in the 7th Company (43/59 Infantry Regiment, 11th Division), commanded by Second Lieutenant Gheorghe Mănoiu. Thus, she became the
first female officer of the Romanian army.

After the war,
Ecaterina Teodoroiu was raised to the rank of heroine of the Romanian people.
Henri berthelot even named it the “Jeanne D’Arc of Romania “for his exceptional bravery, patriotism and self-sacrifice.

In 1921, the 43/59 Infantry Regiment became the honorary name “Ecaterina Teodoroiu”.

In 1937, by royal decree, the Lycée des Filles de Târgu-Jiu received its name (currently the National College “Ecaterina Teodoroiu”). In 1938, his birthplace became a memorial house.

Catherine J. Atwood
dedicated a chapter to Ecaterina Teodoriu in her book “Women Heroes of World War I: 16 Remarkable Resisters, Soldiers, Spies, and Medics”

Central bank held an exhibit dedicated to Teodoroiu, featuring personal items including his bullet-damaged helmet and bloodstained ammunition bag.

National Bank of Romania Governor
Mugur Isarescu says it is the first Romanian banknote in circulation that bears the figure of a female character from our printed history. Another objective marked by the entry into circulation of the 20 RON banknote is represented by the resumption of a tradition in the history of Romanian banknotes.

Associated world records:


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